What It All Means
Project Summary April 2007
material © McCain 2007, please contact the McCain DNA Project before using.
the McKane spelling will be used
to represent all the spellings and variations of this name in this report)
The DNA project has proven that McKane is the anglicised form of several similar Gaelic names. Some of these names are Mac Catháin, Ó Catháin, Ó Cadháin, Mac Cadháin, Mac Eáin, and Mac Eathain. All these names have been anglicised as McKane and its variations, both with O or Mc and without. Mc is the abbreviation for Mac and is sometimes used in both English and Gaelic writing of the name. Several of the groups have had much success from both DNA results and from location of new primary source records in 2006-2007.
Summary of what we have learned from the McCain/McKane/O’Kane DNA Project:
Four major septs of McKanes have been found with multiple matches.
Group 01- This group was located in the northern
group 02 - The Irish form of the name may be Mac
Catháin or Mac Eáin. McCain
and McCaine are the anglicised spellings. The group found in the US South
and West and in
McKane group 03 - Gaelic form of this name is Mac Eain and these are the very famous McKanes of Clan Donald. This group is Norse in paternal ancestry and Gaelic on its maternal side. This group is the same line as the Clan Donald chiefs. Anglicised forms are McCain, McKane, McKean, and Johnston. Both the Ardnamurchan Mac Eain family and the Glencoe Mac Eain family are in this group.
McKane group 04 - This is the County Derry Ó Catháin clan and perhaps the most numerous and most well-known Kane family. They have a long and distinguished history. Anglicised forms which have been proven via DNA testing are O’Kane, Kane, McCane, McKane, McKeen, McCaughan, McCann, and Cain.
McKanes: the individual McKanes (by all spellings) represent
other groups of course, but ones that have not yet found matching families.
We have Irish, Manx and Scottish McCains in this group. Anglicised spellings
include Keane, Cain, and McCain and they are geographically spread from
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